Law Office Of Paul DePetris
paul@newjerseylemon.com

Special Civil Dictionary

Read below to learn more about this topic.

Or, to receive a no cost phone consultation about what the Law Office of Paul DePetris might be able to do for you, call Mr. DePetris at 609-714-2020 or send an email to Mr. DePetris at paul@newjerseylemon.com.

SPECIAL CIVIL DICTIONARY OF SPECIAL CIVIL LEGAL TERMS
Affidavit of Service – A sworn written statement that a person (often a “process server”) successfully served legal documents upon someone else. The New Jersey Special Civil Part court may require a person to file an affidavit of service to prove that a person was successfully served with Special Civil legal papers. This term is essentially the same as “proof of service”.

Appeal – The process by which a Special Civil party asks a higher court to review and reverse or modify a lower court's decision.

Appellant -- The Special Civil party that brings the appeal.

Application – A request, usually made by a Special Civil party to a New Jersey Special Civil Part case, that the Special Civil court take a certain action. The term is the same as “motion”. New Jersey Special Civil Part motions may be in writing or they may be oral. Occasionally courts make their own motion, thereby directing that an action be taken in a New Jersey Special Civil Part case. New Jersey Special Civil Part motions may be opposed by someone other than the Special Civil party making the New Jersey Special Civil Part motion.

Arbitration -- Many cases undergo arbitration if they do not settle before it is scheduled. However, New Jersey Special Civil Part cases are not typically arbitrated. In cases where arbitrations are scheduled, the court schedules the arbitration, which is an informal hearing conducted in a conference room during which all attorneys involved in the Special Civil case and the Special Civil plaintiff must be present and the Special Civil defendants do not have to be present (unless they are to testify). New Jersey arbitrators are neutral attorneys appointed by the court to conduct a hearing regarding the facts and law of the Special Civil case and to make a decision based on same. At the arbitration, witnesses are generally asked to give testimony regarding the facts of their case. Each party’s attorney generally has an opportunity to cross examine the other party’s witnesses. After any testimony is taken, the New Jersey arbitrator may permit the attorneys for each party to make legal argument. Based on the testimony provided by the witnesses and the legal arguments made by the New Jersey parties’ attorneys, the New Jersey arbitrator shall make a decision for one or more of the New Jersey parties – someone shall win and someone shall lose. The New Jersey arbitrator prepares a written decision and provides a copy to each party. The decision is called an “award” regardless of whether anyone is awarded anything whatsoever. If any party is unhappy with the New Jersey arbitrator’s decision, they have a certain period of time to reject the award by filing a paper seeking a New Jersey Special Civil Part trial on all issues in the Special Civil case – a “demand for trial de novo”. If the award is properly appealed, the court usually then sets a date for the Special Civil case to go to trial. If the award is not rejected, the winner may file papers with the court to confirm the arbitration results, which if successful, shall convert the arbitration award into a final judgment.

Associate Justice – Any justice sitting on the Supreme Court other than the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

Attorney -- A person admitted to the bar of the Special Civil court and who is thereby licensed to practice law before that court or who is not a member of the bar but is permitted by the New Jersey Special Civil Part court to represent a Special Civil party in a New Jersey Special Civil Part case. An attorney may be licensed to practice law in more than one court. This term is the same as “counsel”.

Bench -- The place where the judge is positioned during court proceedings. Sometimes, the term is used to refer to the New Jersey Special Civil Part court as a whole.

Bar – One definition is the location in the Special Civil courtroom where attorneys argue cases. At one time, cases were literally argued at the bars of taverns. Another definition is the group of attorneys who practice law before a particular court or courts. Often it is used to refer to a group of attorneys that focus on a particular area of law before the Special Civil court (such as the “Bankruptcy Bar”). Another definition of the term is the prevention of a Special Civil party from litigating an issue more than once because the issue was already decided. This is called a “procedural bar”.

Bench trial --A nonjury trial – a New Jersey Special Civil Part trial at which the judge decides all factual and legal questions before the New Jersey Special Civil Part court.

Burden of persuasion -- The obligation of a Special Civil party to meet the requirements of a rule of law that the fact be proved either by a preponderance of the evidence or by clear and convincing evidence or beyond a reasonable doubt, as the Special Civil case may be.

Burden of producing evidence -- The obligation of a Special Civil party to introduce evidence when necessary to avoid the risk of a judgment or peremptory finding against him on an issue of fact.

Burden of proof – A Special Civil party’s obligation to prove its case or an issue in the Special Civil case to the New Jersey Special Civil Part court.

Case at bar – The Special Civil case which the Special Civil court is hearing at a particular time.

Case law -- The body of law made up of written court opinions. Case law is made by judges rather than legislatures, who make statutory law. Compare the terms “regulation” and “statute”.

Common law – the body of law that evolves over time as made by judges interpreting the law. The term is also essentially the same as “case law”. Compare the terms “regulation” and “statute”.

Complaint -- A civil action for relief that a Special Civil party or their attorney files with the Special Civil court. The Special Civil party who files the complaint is known as a “the Special Civil plaintiff” or “third party the Special Civil plaintiff”, depending on the type of complaint filed.

Contract case – a dispute between parties involving an oral or written agreement. New Jersey Special Civil Part contract cases usually involve one party to a contract claiming that another party to the contract breached the contract and thereby caused the first party to sustain damages. Many New Jersey Special Civil Part contract cases involve the collection of a bill or other type of debt.

Crossclaim – One the Special Civil defendant’s action against another the Special Civil defendant named to the same complaint. The Special Civil defendants may file crossclaims against one another.

Crossclaimant – A the Special Civil defendant who brings an action against another the Special Civil defendant (or co-the Special Civil defendant) named to a New Jersey Special Civil Part complaint. The first the Special Civil defendant’s action against a co-the Special Civil defendant is called a “crossclaim”.

Counsel -- A person admitted to the bar of the Special Civil court and who is thereby licensed to practice law before that court or who is not a member of the bar but is permitted by the New Jersey Special Civil Part court to represent a Special Civil party in a New Jersey Special Civil Part case. A counsel may be licensed to practice law in more than one court. This term is the same as “attorney”.

Counterclaim -- A lawsuit filed by a the Special Civil defendant whereby the the Special Civil defendant seeks relief against a the Special Civil plaintiff that is suing the the Special Civil defendant.

Chief Justice -- The presiding Justice of the Supreme Court.

Damages – Relief that a Special Civil party seeks in the Special Civil court. There are many varieties of damages. The New Jersey Special Civil Part court may or may not award them.

Debt collection case – A collection case is a case where a company or person who claims they are owed money (creditor) files a lawsuit against a company or person (debtor) that the creditor claims owes them money. The lawsuit may be filed in the New Jersey Special Civil Part. New Jersey debt collection cases often involve the following: bills for the sale of goods or services, bounced check disputes, condominium dues disputes, contract disputes, credit card bill disputes, defaults and deficiency balances on car loans and leases, Medical bill disputes, security deposit disputes and unpaid rent disputes.
Declarant -- A a person who makes a statement.

Default – When a Special Civil party fails to file a written response to a New Jersey Special Civil Part complaint. In New Jersey Special Civil Part, the default is automatically entered by the New Jersey Special Civil Part court. In law division, the default must be requested in writing.

Default judgment -- A judgment entered against a Special Civil party for failure to file a written response to a New Jersey Special Civil Part complaint. It is only entered after the entry of a default.

Defense attorney -- The name for a lawyer who represents a the Special Civil defendant in any court dispute.

Deposition -- An oral examination of a person who has knowledge regarding the facts of the Special Civil case. Depositions are rare in New Jersey Special Civil Part and they normally require New Jersey Special Civil Part court permission. Usually, a Special Civil party to a New Jersey Special Civil Part case requests in writing that a person’s deposition be taken on a specific date. Depositions normally take place in a conference room with the Special Civil court reporter present to take down the witness’ testimony. The testimony is later prepared in book form. Accordingly, everything the witness says during the deposition may be used at a later date (for instance, at trial) to contradict conflicting testimony or to prove a specific point important to the Special Civil case.

Discovery -- A period of fact finding, which occurs after a lawsuit is filed and normally before parties have an arbitration or trial. During discovery, parties to the lawsuit seek information from each other about their claims or defenses and facts that are relevant to the Special Civil case. The methods of investigation used during discovery include interrogatories, request for production of documents, depositions, examinations and inspections.

Docket – The New Jersey Special Civil Part court’s case list, which should include a record of all documents filed with the court in each court. In practice, it is not uncommon for New Jersey Special Civil Part courts to fail to properly file documents and thus, those documents fail to get listed on the docket, requiring a Special Civil party to make a request to the New Jersey Special Civil Part court to correct the docket.

Evidence – Information that parties offer to the Special Civil court to prove or disprove claims. The New Jersey Special Civil Part court may choose to accept evidence, thereby allowing it to be part of the New Jersey Special Civil Part court’s record or it may reject the evidence, preventing it from being made part of the record.

Frivolous Paper or Pleading – A frivolous paper or pleading is one that violates the court rules or a statute. For example, a paper filed with the Special Civil court may violate the court rules if: (1) it is being presented for an improper purpose, such as to harass or to cause unnecessary delay or needless increase in the cost of litigation; (2) it presents claims, defenses, and other legal contentions therein are not warranted by existing law or by a non-frivolous argument for the extension, modification, or reversal of existing law or the establishment of new law; (3) its factual allegations have no evidentiary support or are unlikely to have evidentiary support; and/or (4) its allegations are unwarranted on the evidence or are not reasonably based on a lack of information or belief. A New Jersey Special Civil Part complaint or answer may violate a statute if the pleading: (1) was commenced, used or continued in bad faith, solely for the purpose of harassment, delay or malicious injury; and/or (2) the Special Civil party presenting the pleading knew or should have known that the pleading was without any reasonable basis in law or equity and could not be supported by a good faith argument for an extension, modification or reversal of existing law. The New Jersey Special Civil Part court may impose penalties for the filing of frivolous papers or pleadings, including money sanctions.

Hearing -- The name for a variety of court proceedings on a variety of issues. The term includes motions and trials, which are the two most common forms of hearings.

Hearsay -- A statement, other than one made by the declarant while testifying at the Special Civil trial or hearing, offered in evidence to prove the truth of the matter asserted.

Hung jury -- A jury that is unable to reach a New Jersey Special Civil Part verdict because of disagreement between the jurors on an issue or issues.

Information Subpoena -- Within certain periods of time, judgment creditors can serve judgment debtors with a written request for the judgment debtor to disclose personal financial information (called an information subpoena). The information subpoena consists of a series of written questions that the judgment debtor is asked to answer under oath. When answered truthfully and completely, the answers to the information subpoena may provide the judgment creditor with the information necessary for the judgment creditor to proceed with an execution of goods and chattels (writ of execution) against the judgment debtor’s personal property.

Injury -- A claim of wrong or damage , either to a person’s rights, reputation or property (real or personal) for which the claimant seeks relief or reimbursement.

Interpleader – a Special Civil party suing two or more persons claiming the same thing or fund and requesting that the New Jersey Special Civil Part court determine between or among the two which is entitled to recover the thing or fund.

Interrogatories – written questions that are normally served upon a Special Civil party during discovery and that must be answered in a specific time frame.

Judgment -- A decision that is made by the New Jersey Special Civil Part court in a New Jersey Special Civil Part case heard by it. Courts "enter" judgments for and against parties to a New Jersey Special Civil Part case.

Jury -- A group of people who are put under oath to hear evidence to decide a New Jersey Special Civil Part case by providing a New Jersey Special Civil Part verdict. Special Civil juries “render” verdicts in trials and the judge either accepts or rejects the jury’s verdict. In most Special Civil cases, juries start with 6 persons and one or more alternates who take the place of any of any of the original jury members who are unable to continue with their duties during a New Jersey Special Civil Part case.

Jury charges – Instructions that a Special Civil judge provides a j Special Civil jury before the Special Civil jury decides a New Jersey Special Civil Part case. They are used to explain the legal standards that a Special Civil jury should apply when making its decision.

Jury Trial – A New Jersey Special Civil Part trial involving a panel of jurors who usually decide the facts of the Special Civil case at trial. The jury is selected by the New Jersey parties thereafter hears the Special Civil case. To have a New Jersey Special Civil Part case tried by a jury, you must make a written demand for a Special Civil jury trial and in New Jersey Special Civil Part, pay an additional fee. However, not all Special Civil cases qualify for Special Civil jury trials.

Landlord-tenant section – A subpart of the New Jersey Special Civil Part where summary dispossess actions are heard – actions to remove tenants from properties that they are leasing.

Law division, civil part – The division of the Superior Court of New Jersey that hears most civil disputes involving primarily demands for money or certain other kinds of relief.

Lawsuit -- A civil action for relief that a Special Civil party or their attorney files with the Special Civil court. A lawsuit can take the form of a “complaint”, “counterclaim” or “third party complaint”.

Litigation – The process by which parties oppose one another in a legal dispute heard by the Special Civil court.

Mediation - In most cases heard in the New Jersey Special Civil Part, before the New Jersey Special Civil Part trial occurs the New Jersey Special Civil Part requires the New Jersey parties to mediate their dispute. New Jersey Special Civil Part mediation is an informal hearing normally held in a conference room. You and the other party and any attorneys involved in the Special Civil case appear at the New Jersey Special Civil Part mediation. The New Jersey Special Civil Part mediation is conducted by a neutral New Jersey Special Civil Part court appointed mediator.

Mediator - A Special Civil mediator is a person trained to attempt to resolve disputes between Special Civil the Special Civil plaintiffs and Special Civil the Special Civil defendants by sitting down with them and mediating their Special Civil settlement. The New Jersey Special Civil Part mediation is conducted by a neutral New Jersey Special Civil Part court appointed mediator. The New Jersey Special Civil Part Court mediator is trained in resolving disputes through the process of New Jersey Special Civil Part mediation.

Motion – A request, usually made by a Special Civil party to a New Jersey Special Civil Part case, that the Special Civil court take a certain action. Motions may be in writing or they may be oral. Occasionally courts make their own motion, thereby directing that an action be taken in a New Jersey Special Civil Part case. Motions may be opposed by someone other than the Special Civil party making the motion. The term is the same as “application”.

Nonjury trial – A New Jersey Special Civil Part trial where a single judge decides the factual and legal questions of a New Jersey Special Civil Part case. Most New Jersey Special Civil Part trials are nonjury trials.

Notice to Produce -- Written requests for a Special Civil party to provide access to or copies of documents or things that is normally served upon a Special Civil party during discovery and that must be answered in a specific time frame. A “notice to produce” may also be called a “request for production.”

Party -- Someone who is a Special Civil party to Special Civil litigation. A Special Civil party is normally named in a New Jersey Special Civil Part complaint or third party complaint and thereby becomes involved in the Special Civil case. The Special Civil party can either a the Special Civil plaintiff, a the Special Civil defendant, a third party the Special Civil defendant or a third party intervenor.

Pleading – a statement made by a Special Civil party that sets forth their factual and legal claims or that denies those claims.

Process server – a person who is authorized to “serve process” – to serve Special Civil legal papers – on someone else. To be able to serve papers in a particular case, process servers must have no personal interest in that case.

Mistrial -- A New Jersey Special Civil Part trial that a judge ends before the jury reaches a New Jersey Special Civil Part verdict. There are many different possible reasons for a mistrial.

Opinion – The Special Civil court’s opinion explaining its decision in a New Jersey Special Civil Part case.

Petit Jury -- A group of people summoned to court and put under oath to hear evidence and decide a New Jersey Special Civil Part case by providing a New Jersey Special Civil Part verdict.

The Special Civil plaintiff -- A Special Civil party that files a New Jersey Special Civil Part complaint, whether it is the initial complaint or a New Jersey Special Civil Part third party complaint.

Pro se – The title given to a person who represents themselves in court.

Proof of service – A sworn written statement that a person (often a “process server”) successfully served legal documents upon someone else. The New Jersey Special Civil Part court may require a person to file an affidavit of service to prove that a person was successfully served with Special Civil legal papers. This term is essentially the same as “affidavit of service”.

Reconsideration – the process by which the Special Civil court reconsiders a prior ruling or decision it made, such as where: (1) the New Jersey Special Civil Part court has expressed its decision based upon a palpably incorrect or irrational basis, or (2) it is obvious that the New Jersey Special Civil Part court either did not consider or failed to appreciate the significance of probative, competent evidence. If a Special Civil party wishes to bring new or additional information to the New Jersey Special Civil Part court’s attention which it could not have provided on its first application, the New Jersey Special Civil Part court generally considers the new evidence in the interest of justice and in the exercise of sound discretion.

Regulation – A rule or directive issued by an administrative body that has the force of law. Compare the terms “common law” and “statute”.

Relevant evidence -- Evidence having a tendency in reason to prove or disprove any fact of consequence to the determination of the action.
Request for admissions – Written requests for a Special Civil party to admit or deny certain facts at issue in a New Jersey Special Civil Part case and that must be answered in a specific time frame. A Special Civil party’s failure to properly respond to the request could result in the facts being conclusively proven against the Special Civil party who were requested to answer the requests.

Request for production – Another name for a “notice to produce”. Written requests for a Special Civil party to provide access to or copies of documents or things that is normally served upon a Special Civil party during discovery and that must be answered in a specific time frame.

Settlement – A voluntary agreement between some or all parties to a lawsuit. A settlement can be written or oral and it can take place before, during or even after a New Jersey Special Civil Part trial occurs.

Settlement conference – A meeting either held in the Special Civil courtroom or more often, in a Judge’s chambers at the New Jersey Special Civil Part courthouse. The attorneys for the New Jersey parties are present in person or via telephone (if the court permits). The New Jersey parties themselves may or may not be required to be present or may be required to be available by telephone to provide any necessary authority to settle the Special Civil case. The Judge attempts to resolve the Special Civil case by suggesting a possible settlement to both parties as an alternative to a New Jersey Special Civil Part trial. During the settlement conference, none of the New Jersey parties is required to settle the Special Civil case and it is possible that none shall even make any settlement offers.

Small claims section – The Small Claims Section is a subpart of New Jersey Special Civil Part where civil disputes involving $3,000 or less or in the Special Civil case of security deposit claims, $5,000 or less – may be heard. This article does not attempt to discuss small claims disputes.

Special Civil Part -- The New Jersey Special Civil Part is a subpart of the New Jersey court system where civil disputes involving a limited amount of money -- $15,000 or less – may be heard. The New Jersey Special Civil Part handles cases such as the following: contract disputes, property damage disputes, such as car accidents where only property is damaged (and persons do not sustain serious personal injuries), bill collection disputes, landlord tenant and security deposit disputes and disputes between consumers and merchants involving unsatisfactory goods or services. The New Jersey Small Claims Section is a subpart of the New Jersey Special Civil Part where civil disputes involving $3,000 or less or in the Special Civil case of security deposit claims, $5,000 or less – may be heard. This article does not attempt to discuss small claims disputes. The New Jersey Landlord Tenant Section is a subpart of the New Jersey Special Civil Part that handles many eviction disputes.

Statement -- (1) an oral or written assertion or (2) nonverbal conduct of a person if it is intended by the person as an assertion.

Statute – A law that a legislature enacts. Statutes may be federal laws (enacted by the United States Congress) or state (enacted by the New Jersey Legislature). Compare the terms “common law” and “regulation”.

Summary judgment -- A judgment entered against a Special Civil party before trial because there are no material facts in dispute sufficient to permit the Special Civil case to proceed to trial. Normally, summary judgment motions are made and heard before trial. Such motions are a device to avoid trial by having the New Jersey Special Civil Part court decide the Special Civil case prior to trial on legal grounds.

Subpoena -- An official notice which is usually served by a process server and which requires someone to appear in court.

Summons – A legal document served on a person that directs a person to respond to a New Jersey Special Civil Part complaint and warning that person of the possible consequences for failing to respond to the complaint.

Testify – When a witness offers testimony in court.

Testimony -- Statements that witnesses make in court.

Third party complaint – a lawsuit filed by someone other than the original the Special Civil plaintiff named in a New Jersey Special Civil Part case. If a the Special Civil defendant has a valid legal or factual reason to include someone else as part in a New Jersey Special Civil Part case, the the Special Civil defendant may file a New Jersey Special Civil Part third party complaint.

Third Party The Special Civil plaintiff – the Special Civil party suing a Special Civil party that was not named to the original complaint. A third party the Special Civil plaintiff joins a new party to a civil action by filing a New Jersey Special Civil Part third party complaint.

Third Party The Special Civil defendant – a Special Civil party named as a the Special Civil defendant in a New Jersey Special Civil Part third party complaint.

Tort case – a New Jersey Special Civil Part case involving a wrong or injury that results when someone breaches a legal duty owed to another -- a duty arising from society’s expectations of conduct by people and not from a contract.

Vacate – to remove. The term typically refers to the removal of a New Jersey Special Civil Part default or New Jersey Special Civil Part default judgment. To “vacate” a New Jersey Special Civil Part default or New Jersey Special Civil Part default judgment, parties usually file motions with the New Jersey Special Civil Part.

Verdict – The Special Civil court decision issued following a New Jersey Special Civil Part trial. A New Jersey Special Civil Part verdict can either be issued by a jury, if the Special Civil case is tried by a jury and a New Jersey Special Civil Part verdict is issued based on the jury’s findings or by a judge, if the judge alone is deciding the Special Civil case, such as in nonjury trials.

Vicinage – Literally “vicinity” or “neighborhood.” From Cumberland County to Bergen County, New Jersey’s Superior Courts are divided into 15 administrative districts. Since there are 21 counties in New Jersey, some vicinages include one or more counties, such as vicinage 15, which is comprised of Cumberland, Salem and Gloucester Counties.

Witness – A person that is placed under oath and that testifies in court. A witness may testify on paper (through an affidavit or certification filed with the New Jersey Special Civil Part court) or in person at an arbitration, trial or other type of hearing.

Writing -- A "writing" consists of letters, words, numbers, data compilations, pictures, drawings, photographs, symbols, sounds, or combinations thereof or their equivalent, set down or recorded by handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, magnetic impulse, mechanical or electronic recording, or by any other means, and preserved in a perceptible form, and their duplicates as defined by Rule 1001(d).
WHY SHOULD SPECIAL CIVIL PRO SE PARTIES SEEK HELP FROM A SPECIAL CIVIL LAWYER?
Handling your Special Civil case wrong from the beginning may only cost you more money and time in the end!! Do it right the first time by seeking legal advice from a competent Special Civil lawyer!
Many Special Civil pro se parties make the mistake of not consulting a Special Civil lawyer before filing Special Civil papers only to later learn that the Special Civil pro se parties made serious mistakes that could cause them to lose their Special Civil case. New Jersey Special Civil employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a Special Civil judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees. Most New Jersey Special Civil employees are not trained attorneys and therefore, they may not know what advice to give you. Working at the Special Civil Court as a non-judge is not the same as practicing law. Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you with your Special Civil Case. Not all Special Civil Cases require you to pay expensive legal fees to get legal help. To receive a no cost phone consultation about what the Law Office of Paul DePetris might be able to do for you, call Mr. DePetris at 609-714-2020 or send an email to Mr. DePetris at paul@newjerseylemon.com.

CAN I RELY ON NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL COURT PERSONNEL OR NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL COURT PERSONNEL FOR LEGAL ADVICE?
New Jersey Special Civil employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a Special Civil judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees. Most New Jersey Special Civil employees are not trained attorneys and therefore, they may not know what advice to give you. Working at the Special Civil Court as a non-judge is not the same as practicing law.

CAN I RELY ON NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART FORMS PROVIDED BY THE NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL PART COURT?
The New Jersey Special Civil Part usually provides certain types of Special Civil legal forms to the public and those forms are often very helpful. However, beware relying on New Jersey Special Civil Part forms provided by the New Jersey Special Civil Part court – the Special Civil forms are often deceptively simple, while Special Civil Part cases often are much more complex than they first appear to be. There is simply no substitute for a competent Special Civil attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey who has experience handling New Jersey Special Civil Part cases. Special Civil forms don’t talk and Special Civil forms and their directions rarely, if ever, cover every possible situation, set of facts or legal issue that may arise in a New Jersey Special Civil Part case. Each New Jersey Special Civil Part case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges. If you can afford a competent New Jersey Special Civil trial attorney, it is best to have the Special Civil attorney prepare your New Jersey Special Civil Part paperwork for you.

NEED HELP WITH YOUR SPECIAL CIVIL CASE?
Handling your Special Civil case wrong from the beginning may only cost you more money and time in the end!! Do it right the first time by seeking legal advice from a competent Special Civil lawyer!
Let the Law Office of Paul DePetris help you with your Special Civil Case. Not all Special Civil Cases require you to pay expensive legal fees to get legal help. To receive a no cost phone consultation about what the Law Office of Paul DePetris might be able to do for you, call Mr. DePetris at 609-714-2020 or send an email to Mr. DePetris at paul@newjerseylemon.com.

CAN I HANDLE A NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL CASE MYSELF?
Many people can and do successfully handle New Jersey Special Civil cases, from filing the first paperwork to the collection of a New Jersey Special Civil judgment. However, many other people also make mistakes that lead to the dismissal of their New Jersey Special Civil cases or that result in the entry of a New Jersey Special Civil money judgment against them. The greater the money at stake, the greater the reason to consider using the services of a competent attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey to handle part or all of the New Jersey Special Civil case. The following are reasons to use an attorney to handle part or all of your New Jersey Special Civil case:
• New Jersey Special Civil fees often change
• New Jersey Special Civil rules often change
• New Jersey Special Civil employees cannot give you “free” legal advice and a Special Civil judge may refuse to let you claim that you were right in taking an action (or in deciding not to take action) because you relied on advice from such employees
• New Jersey Special Civil court forms available on websites may not cover every situation you may face in court
• each New Jersey Special Civil case has its own particular legal issues and therefore, its own challenges
• it is very common for people to file inadequate or incorrect New Jersey Special Civil complaints that result in the New Jersey Special Civil complaints or answers to New Jersey Special Civil complaints being rejected by the New Jersey Special Civil or being dismissed by the New Jersey Special Civil after filing and before or after trial because of procedural deficiencies.
• it is not uncommon for judges to get very frustrated by an unrepresented party’s lack of preparation or ignorance of the facts or law of the New Jersey Special Civil case.
• a court has the power to punish unprepared parties, such as by throwing their New Jersey Special Civil case out of court or limiting what they can present at the New Jersey Special Civil trial.
• New Jersey has many published cases, laws, regulations, court rules and rules of evidence that can be very tricky to understand and that can be used to prevent you from doing much of what you want to do at the New Jersey Special Civil trial.
• it is very common for courts to refuse to allow a Special Civil party to use or refer to documents or items at the New Jersey Special Civil trial that the person themselves never prepared. Often parties stumble into New Jersey Special Civil with a video, photograph, bill or affidavit or other form of written statement, thinking they are going to use it as proof that they lost money or that they are not responsible for someone else’s damages, only to have a Special Civil judge tell the New Jersey parties that it is not going to even consider such items or documents.
• without the proper preparation, items and documents may never be considered by the New Jersey Special Civil. Also, if there are any legal issues to be dealt with at the New Jersey Special Civil trial, you must be prepared to argue them, which may require you to refer to court rules, evidence rules, laws, regulations or published cases.
• you cannot show up at the New Jersey Special Civil expecting the judge hearing your New Jersey Special Civil case to explain court rules, evidence rules, court procedure or the details of the law that applies to your New Jersey Special Civil case. The judge hearing your New Jersey Special Civil case is not permitted to give you legal advice.

It is important to remember that even if you have an attorney, you could lose your New Jersey Special Civil case. Hiring an attorney to handle part or all of your New Jersey Special Civil case does not guarantee your success. However, it may provide what is needed to win your New Jersey Special Civil case or to avoid certain mistakes.

DOES THE LAW OFFICE OF PAUL DEPETRIS HAVE EXPERIENCE HANDLING NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL CASES?
Yes. Paul DePetris has performed the following tasks:
• handled Special Civil Cases for the Special Civil plaintiffs and the Special Civil defendants across New Jersey, from Bergen County to Cumberland County, including representations of individuals, small businesses and large corporations.
• settled Special Civil Cases for the Special Civil plaintiffs and the Special Civil defendants across New Jersey.
• reviewed many New Jersey Special Civil settlement agreements.
• enforced many New Jersey Special Civil settlement agreements.
• provided New Jersey Special Civil pro se parties with New Jersey Special Civil legal advice and prepared New Jersey Special Civil legal forms
• prepared and filed many New Jersey Special Civil complaints
• tried New Jersey Special Civil jury trials
• mediated many Special Civil Cases
• argued New Jersey Special Civil motions
• handled New Jersey Special Civil proof hearings
• handled New Jersey Special Civil post judgment collection proceedings

Mr. DePetris has appeared before the Superior Court of New Jersey in the following counties:
Atlantic County Bergen County Burlington County Camden County
Cape May County Cumberland County Essex County Special Gloucester County
Hudson County Mercer County Middlesex County Monmouth County
Morris County Ocean County Passaic County Salem County
Somerset County Sussex County Union County Warren County

IN WHAT NEW JERSEY COUNTIES WILL THE LAW OFFICE OF PAUL DEPETRIS HANDLE NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL CASES?
The Law Office of Paul DePetris offers to handle and help individuals and businesses with New Jersey Special Civil Claims cases in North, Central and Southern New Jersey, including cases in the following New Jersey counties:
Atlantic County Special Civil Bergen County Special Civil Burlington County Special Civil Camden County Special Civil
Cape May County Special Civil Cumberland County Special Civil Essex County Special Civil Gloucester County Special Civil
Hudson County Special Civil Hunterdon County Special Civil Mercer County Special Civil Middlesex County Special Civil
Monmouth County Special Civil Morris County Special Civil Ocean County Special Civil Passaic County Special Civil
Salem County Special Civil Somerset County Special Civil Sussex County Special Civil Union County Special Civil
Warren County Special Civil

WHAT IF I DON’T HAVE ENOUGH MONEY TO HIRE AN ATTORNEY TO HANDLE MY NEW JERSEY SPECIAL CIVIL CASE FROM BEGINNING TO END?
In many situations, the Law Office of Paul DePetris offers alternatives to handling New Jersey Special Civil cases for an hourly fee, such as by offering to handle your New Jersey Special Civil case up to trial for a fixed fee or to help you handle your New Jersey Special Civil case by yourself. Such flexible methods may allow you to keep the amount legal fees you spend on your New Jersey Special Civil case to a fixed sum, while providing you the help you need to handle your New Jersey Special Civil case. For a no obligation phone consultation about what the Firm might be able to do for you, call Mr. DePetris at 609-714-2020 or send an email to Mr. DePetris at paul@newjerseylemon.com.
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